Journalism is a profession in which a writer investigates and reports events by way of print, broadcast or web-based media. Events can be anything that carry useful, significant or critical information that is of interest to different people. Topics of interest may arise out of current issues, concerns or trends that may be political, economic, educational, technological, social or religious in nature.
Journalists therefore come in different types, depending on the general category on which their investigative and reporting skills are focused. Actually, there are four main categories under which a journalism profession may fall under: News, Investigative, Review and Feature..
Differentiating Journalism Based on Categories
Knowing the distinguishing aspects of each category, is a great way for aspiring journalists to understand and grasp the kind of work they are expected to tackle.
News journalists relay information about a recent occurrence in a cohesive and straightforward manner. They are tasked to compose news reports without embellishments, with utmost accuracy, and devoid of any flourishing or ambiguous words that could cause confusion or misinterpretations.
Adding depth to a news journal is not as important as furnishing details that tells when, what and how an event happened, as well as who were involved and affected in an occurrence.
Investigative journalists are bound by an unspoken duty to uncover the underlying facts supporting the actions of a particular person, of the occurrence of an event, or of the controversy clouding a particular subject.
Often times they will find it difficult to extract information, especially if there is widespread involvement to cover up a particular incident or action. That being the case, investigative journalists have to apply a greater degree of perseverance in verifying, and in seeking confirmation of the information they intend to present as truth.
Here, journalists compose reports to narrate their own experience, reactions,and opinion to and on a particular subject. A review report is of importance to those contemplating on purchasing a product, hiring a professional, engaging a service or entertainment provider, or choosing an institution to entrust with financial matters.
Reviewers put forward recommendations. Yet to be regarded as credible, the journalist must not employed by, or in any way affiliated with the company that manufactures, manages, sells, or promotes the subject. Otherwise, the target audience will have reservations in considering as reliable, the writer’s opinions and recommendations.
Feature journalists provide an in-depth account of a previous news report, or.some subject matter that can delight or enlight users of different media.
Feature journalism can be compelling, as it takes audience behind the scenes, by bringing into focus relevant details such as backgrounds of people and places, related historical facts, statistical information and opinions of field experts. Feature journalists usually provide a closer and complete view of places in which an event happened. They also conduct interviews of people who can provide a more accurate picture, or of those considered as authority or expert on the subject matter.
In so doing, feature contents are lengthier, as the journalist’s aim is to give the audience clearer and broader perspectives on which readers can formulate their own opinion.